Collateral margin investing is an arrangement in which you can buy shares with a leverage from your broker. But for this you need quite a bit of funds. Like if you talk to existing brokers in Indian market they provide 2x to 20x leverage to buy share as collateral margin.

Collateral margin is also know as, MIS Order, stock pledging, or margin trading. If we talk about collateral margin in India market then it is only available for MIS order intraday trading. Many AMCs also offering it for mutual funds that know as pledge. Which can avail against your securities. Lets decode to Collateral Margin.

What is Collateral Margin?

Benefits of collateral margins

In simple words, we can say Collateral Margin is an option that allow investors to buy more shares from less amount. Let us define it, the word “margin” means a limit that we have to pay to the broker to get leverage to buy more shares. In India, the margin for equity is 20% of the trade value. It mean 20% funds are required in the investor’s demat account to pay as security to avail 80% credit for the purchase of shares. First of all, you should open a demat or trading account with a brokerage that offers stock pledge for collateral margin. After completing your account creation process, add some funds to your demat account to avail MIS (Margin Intraday Square-Off) facilities. Most Indian brokers allow 5x leverage for MIS orders. For example, if you have Rs. 5,000 and broker offering 5x margin that allows you to buy a share worth Rs. 25,000. This can be done by collateral margin. It is like a financial safety net that allows you to borrow money from your broker so that you can buy more shares. 

How to Calculate Collateral Margin?

Simply knowing collateral margin isn’t enough. We should also know the very fundamental calculation of collateral margin to invest more efficiently. Because, at the end, without knowing its calculation, we will be at the verge of increasing our risks. 

So, let’s have a clear picture on how to calculate the collateral margin and observe the crucial steps:

  • Step 1: Record Your Assets – First of all check the amount you have in your investment account. Check out your cash, stocks, bonds, or anything else and keep a record of it.
  • Step 2: Know Your Broker’s Conditions – Every broker has their own terms and conditions, make sure to first understand it thoroughly to calculate the margin of profits and loss. Take note of how much collateral they give along with what you have based on the stock valuation.
  • Step 3: Figure Out the Margin Requirement – This one is a percentage that your broker sets. For instance, they want a 50% margin. That means you need at least half of the value of your investments in collateral.
  • Step 4: Fundamental calculation– Let’s say you want to buy 1,000 Rupees worth of stock. With a 50% margin requirement, you’ll need 500 Rupees in collateral to make it happen.
  • Step 5: Check Your Bank Balance – Look into your account and check if there is enough collateral to meet the margin requirement. If not, you might require more cash or sell off a few stocks to get the money.
  • Step 6: Stay on Top of Things – Be wary of your investments and collateral margin. If things change, such as the value of your investments increasing or decreasing  , your margin requirement might change too. Always be alert and keep changing the valuation according to broker’s conditions to avoid any loss.

Benefits of Collateral Margin?

There is a variety of benefits associated in this domain. Let’s take a look on them.

  • Increased Buying matrix: As we buy groceries in bulk to gain benefits in the long run, similarly, collateral margin allows investors to increase their purchasing power. For instance, if you have Rs. 5,000 and can borrow an additional Rs. 5,000 using collateral margin, you effectively have Rs. 10,000 to invest, from which you can gain even higher amount. Basically, it helps increase the return on investment.
  • Potential for Higher Returns: If you have bought 10kg of rice at 40/kg but the price increases to 55/kg. Now, you have a chance to sell that 10kg of rice at 55/kg, for which you will get a high market profit value. Similarly, with collateral margin, investing more money than you have can lead to higher returns if the value of your investments increases.
  • Diversification Investment: Just like a fast-food menu has a variety of dishes, collateral margin also ensures you have options and reduces the risk of not liking one particular item, You can invest the amount in different sectors to avoid loss. 
  • Flexibility in Investment Strategy: Just like we negotiate the price of a car or choose between different brands of cosmetics based on our capability and interests, collateral margin offers flexibility in investment choices. Whether it’s investing in stocks, mutual funds, or other financial instruments, investors can always research upon market conditions and better offerings, then invest after thorough search.
  • Access to Liquidity: We always have some savings to cater to urgent expenses, in the same way collateral margin provides investors with access to additional funds when needed. This liquidity can be useful for taking advantage of investment opportunities or managing financial obligations without having to sell existing assets.
  • Tax Efficiency: Just as certain expenses, like medical bills or education fees, can be tax-deductible, the interest paid on margin loans may also be tax-deductible in some cases. This tax efficiency can help investors optimize their returns while managing their tax liabilities effectively. However, it’s important to consult with a tax advisor for personalized advice based on individual circumstances.


Collateral margin is like a boon for investors, which should be used efficiently as they get buying opportunities, their profit is amplified and upon gaining profits they can invest more on such sectors and the cycle continues. But it’s not without risks. It can even result in huge losses. By understanding how it works, being aware of the risks, and getting advice when needed, investors can use collateral margin to make their investments work harder for them. 

By The Invest Advisory

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